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Year 10 Biology

We consider biology to be a fundamentally essential subject in the understanding of the world around us. Biology teaches us about ourselves and the world we live in including what we need to protect and preserve not only our life but the life of all organisms living on planet Earth.  Lessons are taught with a practical bias looking at finding out why things happen, allowing the boys to discover for themselves but then backing this up with the theory to gain a complete understanding of each of the topic areas covered.


We have a bespoke Biology laboratory. Our lessons are practically based with specialist teachers of each of the science disciplines.

Autumn Term


Advantages and disadvantages of sexual reproduction
Meiosis to form gametes
Structure of DNA
Protein synthesis
Effect of variants on protein production
The work of Gregor Mendel
Explain genetic terms and diagrams
Punnett squares
ABO blood inheritance and codominance
Sex-linked genetic disorders
Genetic and environmental variation
The human genome product
Natural selection and genetic modification:
The work of Darwin and Wallace
Theory of evolution by natural selection
Evidence for human evolution including the pentadactyl limb

Spring Term

Natural selection and genetic modification:

Selective breeding
Tissue culture
Process of genetic modification of bacteria and plants
Advantages and disadvantages of genetic modification
Use of fertilisers and biological control 
Exchange and transport in humans:
Gas exchange surfaces and diffusion
Structure of lungs and alveoli
Factors effecting diffusion including Fick’s law
Structure and function of blood
Structure and function of blood vessels
Structure and function of the Heart
Cellular respiration
Aerobic and anaerobic respiration and cardiac output

Summer Term

Plant structure and function:

Effect of light intensity, pH and temperature of photosynthesis
Inverse square law of photosynthesis
Structure and function of root hair cells
Structure and function of xylem in transpiration
Structure and function of phloem in translocation
The structure of a leaf
Plant adaptations to extreme environments
Plant hormones
Animal co-ordination, control and homeostasis:
The endocrine system
The role of adrenalin
The role of thyroxine
Stages and hormones of the menstrual cycle
Use of hormones in contraception
Evaluate methods of contraception
Hormones in ART including IVF and clomifene