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Year 1 Science

Our science lessons are based upon the “Science Bug” scheme. Different topics are covered throughout the year to develop knowledge alongside investigative skills. The four seasons are also studied at appropriate times of the year. We will learn that there are four seasons, the names for these seasons and that there are differences between them. The boys will identify and design weather symbols for the different types of weather they are likely to experience. Working scientifically, we will make observations and measurements over time throughout the seasons including day length, temperature, rain/snow fall, wind strength, cloud conditions and the accompanying changes to plants and animals in our local environment.


Autumn Term

Animal Parts

The boys will learn about their senses and how they use them to describe the world, identify and name the basic external parts of the human body and recognise the functions of some body parts, including the sense organs. We will describe and compare common animals, and will recognise and name a variety of animals and their body parts. They will construct and label a map of the human body and will draw comparisons between human and animal body parts. They will consider how to treat other people and living things with care and respect. 

Investigative work in this unit focuses on exploring the senses, observing and communicating ideas about their own body parts and those of animals, and recording their ideas in diagrams.

Light and Celebration

We will investigate what is meant by light and dark. The boys will learn about natural and artificial light sources. Practical work will include activities on shadows, looking at the parts of torches and creating simple circuits. 

Spring Term

Identifying and comparing Materials

In this unit we will identify, name and look at the properties of common types of materials including wood, metal, plastic, rubber, fur, towelling, nylon, wool, sponge, cotton wool, paper, card, brick, ceramics, rock and some liquids and powdered solids. The boys will explore similarities and differences between materials. We will label, collect and group together objects made from the same material and discover that different objects can be manufactured from the same materials. The boys will also learn why some materials are unsuitable for some objects. Working scientifically we will develop our understanding of the terms transparent, opaque and translucent and test the properties of different liquids and powders.

The boys will continue to go outside to observe changes across the seasons and will record information and data in a variety of ways.

Summer Term

Types of Animals

We will observe and recognise some simple characteristics of animals, learning that animals are similar to each other in some ways and different in other ways and begin to start grouping animals by the key features of their appearance. The boys will begin to associate different animals with a variety of habitats and begin to think how animals are suited to their environment. 

Working scientifically, the boys will have the opportunity of observing and classifying animals in the local environment. We will classify animals that are mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians or fish and carnivores, omnivores or herbivores. 



Our boys will be introduced to the idea of plants as living things which grow and change over time. The unit will encourage us to recognise the common features, similarities and differences between plants. We will learn about the basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants, including trees. The boys will identify, name and describe the main parts of plants, including trees. They will learn that trees are plants and will learn the meaning of ‘evergreen’ and ‘deciduous’ when describing and comparing trees. We will describe and compare common plants and trees in our local environment and will learn specific vocabulary relating to trees, e.g. trunk, bark etc. They will have the opportunity to plant, grow and observe their own plants and consider how to treat plants as living things with care. 

Working Scientifically, we will focus on observing closely using simple equipment, naming and grouping and recognising similarities and differences between plants. The boys will make and record their observations and will also have the opportunity to gather and record data in a simple way to help in answering questions.